The Self Scale (Long version)

Developed by Lia DeLand in collaboration with Richard C. Schwartz (copyright 2002)

a= .97; item to total correlations = .58-.86 (Means and SD’s were not calculated because it was anticipated that researchers and clinicians would prefer to use the Short version)

25 items. Participants are asked how frequently they feel these feelings on a 5-point Likert scale (Never/Almost Never; Seldom; Sometimes; Often; Always/Almost Always)

Items Reflecting Self-Qualities:

  1. I feel energetic and joyful.
  2. I know who I am and what I want from life.
  3. I feel a sense of inner peace.
  4. I feel confident that I’ll reach my goals.
  5. I feel happy and playful.
  6. I feel hopeful and optimistic.
  7. I feel capable and strong.
  8. I accept and like myself, just as I am.
  9. I feel a deep sense of confidence in myself.
  10. I feel content with my life, just as it is.
  11. I feel balanced and calm.
  12. I feel worthy and valuable.
  13. I feel I can choose the life I want.
  14. I feel that there are many people who care about me.
  15. I feel deeply committed to life.

Items Reflecting Self-Leadership:

  1. I feel able to comfort myself when something bad happens.
  2. I feel able to take care of myself.
  3. I can manage okay in the midst of chaos.
  4. I can maintain my inner calm even under pressure.
  5. I feel able to face the bad things I’ve done.
  6. I feel like I have good self-control.
  7. When something upsets me, I can calm myself down in healthy ways.
  8. I’m able to resolve inner conflicts fairly quickly.

Items that load almost equally on both factors:

  1. I feel confident that I can handle whatever life brings me.
  2. I feel able to meet life’s challenges with courage.